Gladiolus is also commonly referred to by the name of its genus – Gladiolus, the plural form of which can be Gladiole, Gladioluses or Gladioli. Gladiolus is also known as the Sword Lily, due to its sword shaped leaves, or Corn Lily.
Gladiolus plants are attractive, perennial herbs and semihardy in temperate climates. They grow from rounded, symmetrical corms that are enveloped in several layers of brownish, fibrous tunics. The fragrant Gladiolus flower spikes are large and one-sided, with secund, bisexual flowers.
Gladiolus flower corms residence buds for each layer of leaves. These flowers are usually cultivated from its corms commonly recognized as bulbs. Gladiolus flower bulbs are found in most components of the planet. The varieties are derivations of the authentic African and the Mediterranean kinds. At existing there are nearly 8 000 types of gladiolus flower bulbs. Each year a substantial number of new gladiolus flower bulbs are launched. These yearly introductions are deemed to be much more in comparison to any other flower bulb kinds.
Most nurseries and shops sell big medium and little gladiolus flower bulbs. If the small bulbs are less than an inch in diameter the bulb could not ensure a bloom.
Larger gladiolus flower bulbs are recognized to produce better flowers. The bulbs really should be free from illness.
Gladiolus flower bulbs can be planted in spring as situations are conducive to plant progress. Bulbs can be positioned 6 inches deep in light soil or 4 inches deep if hefty soil. Originally the bulbs really should not be covered with soil. This allows initial spring plantations to get added warmth from the sun. When the bulb begins responding it can be coated with soil totally. Large sized gladiolus flower bulbs can be put about 7 inches apart to permit general growth of the plant.
Scab, Fusarium Rot and Yellows, Penicillium Storage Rot, Leaf Spots and Blights, Stromatinia Corm Dry Rot, Virus and Phytoplasma Disease are the Common Gladioli diseases.
The gladioli thrip, a very tiny, black, winged insect, is a real threat to Gladioli flowers and plants. It sucks the juice from the plant, leaving a silvery appearance, eventually causing the plant to turn brown. Gladioli thrips also cause deformed flowers and prevent flower spikes from opening.