Sages (Salvias) are a large group of plants including annual, biennials, perennials and shrubs that are found in many gardens. Some are hardy, others that come from the tropics are greenhouse plants. The common sage, Salvia officinalis, and its varieties has been the best culinary herb for centuries and was formerly used in herbal medicine to treat many diseases.
An evergreen perennial or subshrub the leaves are often dried and stored for use and it is the main ingredient in sage and onion stuffing, a traditional accompaniment for roast poultry. It is also used to flavour fish, meat and cheese dishes.
Common Sage has always been popular as a herb which prolongs life. Sage has antiseptic, bactericidal, fungicidal and anti-inflammatory effect. It has been popular for bee pasture, and its honey is among the most appreciated types of honey in the world. Sage tea cleanses the respiratory system, uses as a mouthwash for mouth and throat infections and helps with hoarseness. It is also used for skin problems, eczema and itching. It is very effective for pain and cramps in the stomach, improves appetite and soothes the discomfort in the liver. Sage tea helps with rheumatism and protect against infectious diseases. Strengthens the hair and gives it a shine. Because of the many beneficial effects on health, Sage is a very desirable flavor in the daily diet. Because of its healing power and aromaticity, sage has become a symbol of the Mediterranean cultural tradition.
– essential oils (volatile oil containing thujone, cineole, borneol, and camphor; diterpene bitters; flavonoids, including salvigenin, genkwanin, and luteolin; phenolic acids, including rosmarinic and caffeic acids; oestrogenic substances; tannins).
How does it look like?
Sage is a branched shrub that should exist in every garden. This beautiful herb has an upright growth, with height to 30 – 40 cm. Sage leaves are silvery white, wooly and wrinkled. Flowers are purple dark blue color on long upright spikes, which appear in May and June, and even to the beginning of July. It looks beautiful in the rock gardens – the perfect color of flowers is the most striking just in the combination with a rock. All parts of the herb have a strong, aromatic fragrance that is not lost with drying.
Soil: Well drained, sandy loam.
Site: Open, sunny.
Salvia officinalis is the herb with culinary and medicinal uses, and others (Salvia glutinosa, Salvia pratensis, Salvia silvestris) are only a decoration of the garden.