Mediterranean gardens typically features a combination of formal and rustic. These styles reproduce the dramatic landscape associated with Italy, Spain and Greece.
Whilst not all areas are lucky enough to have the Mediterranean climate, it is possible to maintain the native Mediterranean plants with the correct soil improvement and protection during the coldest months. Mulching, composting and improved drainage will help as will covering plants with straw during frost or bringing pots inside.
The lavish foliage and strong colors of the Mediterranean garden provide an impressive setting to even small, courtyard type spaces. Palms, yuccas, aloes, eucalyptus and cypress are commonly used to add impressive foliage and shape, whilst mimosa and jasmine provide color and scent.
Herbs in pots or borders add to the sensual experience and can also be used in cooking, which is a major part of the Mediterranean outdoor experience.
Strong colors are carried through from the planting to the landscaping with brightly rendered walls in shades of terracotta and blue. Stonework and tiling is also a common feature with the use of mosaic and mirroring touching on the Moorish influence.
Jars and pots can be used for planting or just for decoration, again in earthy colors and natural materials such as stone, wood and clay.
Topiary, trellis and pergolas are widely used and allow for shade and scented climbers to encourage outdoor living and eating.
Outdoor furniture is essential in natural materials, as well as bright table cloths and cushions add to the experience of enjoying the outdoor space to the maximum. Natural materials such as rattan or wicker are often used in Mediterranean outdoor furniture.