Water and Drainage: Planting in Dry and Wet Soil – Drainage is always a critical element that affects how a plant adjusts to the place it is grown. The definition of drainage is the movement of water through the soil. Water moving quickly through the soil means that drainage is good or fast. This type of soil is referred to as well-drained. When water move very slowly, drainage is poor.
This doesn’t mean you can’t have a garden in a poorly drained area. But your choices of plants will have to be limited to species that grow well in wet soil conditions. There are ways to improve drainage some of which are mentioned below.
When the soil is very fast-draining and sandy in arid desert regions, one can still support a variety of plants. But again, you must choose plants that adapt to low levels of soil moisture.
Improving poor drainage, leveling out low-lying areas, amending tight clay soil, using raised beds, contouring the site, creating a dry creek bed, making a bog garden, installing a French drain, how to test for drainage, and the effects of poor drainage.
There are plants suited to the various soil condition, such as drought tolerant shrubs, drought tolerant perennials, and drought tolerant groundcovers. There is also the other end of the spectrum which include the poorly drained soiled conditions, providing you with a sample of moisture loving shrubs, moisture loving perennials,and moisture loving groundcovers.